Cultural identity: how to preserve traditions in the era of globalization

Scientists, professors and experts in the sphere of culture discussed problems of preserving national cultures in the atmosphere of globalization and the international experience in terms of preserving world historical heritage at the “Cultural traditions and identity in the globalized world” round table at the V St. Petersburg International Cultural Forum.



Tatyana Purtova, the chairperson of the Russian committee on preservation of intangible cultural heritage of the UNESCO commission in Russia, defined the vector of development of cultural identity in the context of global challenges of modernity.


 “I believe that we should preserve languages, songs, dances, customs and all those unique peculiarities of each culture, which make us different from each other. This doesn’t mean that we will grow apart, on the contrary, we have to create a global culture. In the global culture we will only be strong, when each of us will retain unique traits of the national character. The rose of global culture should consist of a thousand petals and a thousand colors. Why are we not afraid of this? Because traditions of each nation are deeply positive, humanistic, all of them form positive moral values. Therefore the main task in the globalized world is to preserve traditions of folk ark”, - said Purtova.


The issue of the choice of state policy, which would contribute to the preservation and development of cultural traditions, became one of the key topics of the discussion. And the most important problem, according to the experts, is the issue of creating a single term base. Lack of general definitions is what obstructs Russian legislation in the sphere of cultivating national values.


“In the epoch of building supranational institutes the main task is to pay attention to national culture, its development and learning. Upon exploring his own cultural basis, one gains respect for his nation as well as other nations. Unfortunately, very little attention has been paid to this issue lately. If we lose national culture, we will lose the foundation”, - added Sergey Rybakov, deputy chairperson of the Council of the Federation Assembly on science, education and culture.